The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight on December 17, 1903.
The brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing flight possible.
Orville Wright (1871 - 1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867 - 1912) requested a patent application for a "flying machine" nine months before their successful flight in December 1903. Their US patent claims the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulates a flying machine's surfaces.
Patent Place USA has this patent, along with all of the other Wright Brothers patents.